Vision Loss Causes You Need to Understand

Visual impairment is common around the world. A lot of people suffer from vision issues that get worse over time. When people reach the age of 65, developing vision loss is possible. It is crucial that you understand first the vision loss causes and find a way to protect yourself.

Cataracts

It happens when the lens becomes opaque. It is characterized by a cloudy appearance that starts on the central vision area and extends outward.

When you start having blurry vision, double images or being intolerant to sunlight, you might have already contracted cataracts. People with cataracts on one eye need to undergo surgery to prevent the other eye from getting affected.

Surgery may not be necessary though for some cases. You just need to get regular checks from your doctor to see if the problem is getting worse.

Diabetic retinopathy

This happens as a result of diabetic complication. When you have diabetes, your blood vessels in the retina start to weaken.

It could lead to the rupture and bleeding that would affect your vision. You might start suffering from a blurry vision with a reddish tint.

It could heal over time, but you will see the scars. Laser surgery treatment is available, but it does not stop new hemorrhages from happening.

Glaucoma

The eyes produce a fluid that keeps them lubricated. However, it is possible for excess fluid to appear.

As a result, it could increase the pressure on the eyes and damage the optic nerves. The problem is that glaucoma can go undetected for a while.

To prevent it from happening, you need a regular dilated eye examination. You might need laser trabeculoplasty to help drain the fluid out of the eyes.

Macular degeneration

It is the leading cause of blindness for people who are over 55 years old. The macular is the tiny area found at the center of the retina that contains light-sensing cells.

When you get older, this portion starts to deteriorate. It leads to blurry vision or a dark area on the center of your vision.

Retinitis pigmentosa

This is characterized by the deterioration if the retina. It starts occurring at a young age.

It starts with night blindness and eventually leads to vision loss. Those who have this illness at a young age would proceed living their lives without seeing anything at all.

Unlike other vision loss causes that take place later in life, retinitis pigmentosa happens earlier on. Therefore, researches are intensified to find a cure to this problem as it also affect thousands of children around the world.

Vision loss can happen to anyone at any time. It is crucial for you to take care of your health and live a healthy lifestyle. You also need to get checked regularly to determine if your vision is improving. If you have been diagnosed of a vision problem, you need to take corrective measures right away. If you are still young, you need to be more cautious of your actions. Avoid doing things that will cause further vision issues.